Wednesday, February 25, 2015

Young and new technologies: Generation Z, 4th meeting … – El Mujahid

  With the advent of Internet and new technologies, a mutant human generation has emerged. Aged 13 to 20 years, young people from around the world have completely merged with the digital world. Far from the traditional codes of their elders, those 2 billion people born after 1995 are revolutionizing the “world of yesterday”. 4th Meeting of the type …

 Pragmatic pressed, independent and stubborn, Generation Z (or cybergénération) appropriated new technologies and especially the World Wide Web. His motto, “everything, everywhere and immediately.” He just a click to get a free movie, a song or software. Champion multitasking, this generation surfs several screens at once and has reference to social networks, and free tutorials. The real world is only slowly for her, adult codes are exceeded. Most of his life flashes on the screens connected to the planet …
 Over 80% of Internet users are young people enrolled on a social network. “In their world, everything is done online. Accustomed to tutorials on YouTube, self-taught for all that is high-tech, since their parents are overwhelmed, they integrated the permanent self-learning “, especially as they have already seen the disappearance of several technologies. On the internet, they have seen it all, violence to explicit content. “They spend more than 3 hours per day in front of their screen. They suffer from “FOMO” (Fear of Missing Out), fear of missing something, and hate the idea of ​​not being connected. Rather than simply consuming series and films, they want to participate, create their YouTube channel or vlog (video blog). They do not read, they scan, and “meeting points” are Facebook, Twitter, Instagram or Snapchat. They consider that the organization of work must be horizontal rather than hierarchical, and three-quarters would make their hobby their work.
 Generation Z, who grew up with video games and mobile phones, won brain skills in terms of speed and automation, sometimes to the detriment of reasoning and self-control. A study advocates learning adapted to these changes. “The brain is the same, but it is the used circuits that change. Faced with screens, and suddenly in life, the digital natives have some sort of brain TGV, which runs from the eye to the thumb on the screen. They use a particular area of ​​the brain, the prefrontal cortex, to improve the speed of decision, linked with emotions. But this comes at the expense of another function of this zone, slower to step back, a personal synthesis and cognitive resistance. There are actually three systems in the human brain. One is fast, automatic and intuitive, highly sought by today’s screens. A second is slower, logical and thoughtful. A third, in the prefrontal cortex, provides for mediation between the first two systems: the heart of intelligence. It inhibits automation of thought when we must appeal to logic or morality. This is the cognitive resistance. Inhibit is to resist. The digital natives must learn to resist to think well. “
 It is a remarkable process of adaptation, step back allowing to resist her impulsive responses. Brain resists itself. But the maturation of this process is slow during the development of the child and adolescent. That is why we must educate and train intensively even at school! This is called “learning to resist,” a pedagogy of cognitive control. We have demonstrated in the laboratory, but there is still imagine all its applications in school. This is useful for reasoning, categorization, but also reading, math, etc. This brain mechanism allows, for example, to avoid absurd decisions, sometimes collective in business. It also allows to resist, in our democracies, mistaken beliefs: the myths of such conspiracy or entrenched stereotypes. And cognitive resistance is also a factor for tolerance.
 It allows interpersonal intelligence, that is, the ability to silence his own point of view to encourage that of others. When the attacks in January 2015 in Paris led to speak of “de-radicalization” is this cognitive resistance it is. Educate the brain is to teach him to resist its own unreason. “A real challenge for cognitive science and society today. “
 We’re already seeing this gigantic leap into the unknown digital concoct our children we expertly glued to their screens.
K. M.


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