New technologies have invaded both private areas that the economic world. Knowledge industries dominate modes of production, distribution and communication of all institutions. The world will no longer work in the same way that there is barely twenty years old. All analysts strive to advocate the adaptation and integration of new technologies in the economic fabric in order to profit. The integration parameters and acquisition of these new technologies have quickly become the key indicators of the degree of development of a country. In the past, the quantitative data of the real economy were paramount. It used to quantify, for each country, the steel tonnage, the number of kilowatts, etc. consumed per capita for classifying a country. This tends to be supplanted by indicators such as the number of mobile phones per capita, the rate of internet access ….
The new economy moved and upset the economies of operation. But we must quickly put things in context. As much these new products can be seen as gadgets for home use as they are valuable tools for improving productivity. Their mastery is neither a fad nor a simple effect of mimicry; but here we have valuable tools to boost economic productivity of a country or a company. The fact that productivity (output per citizen / per year) decline among us should challenge us even if the fall is minimal: 0.5% per year. It improved by over 1.3% per year in the world. The delay cornered in the use of new technologies would be a key explanatory variables, but not the only one. As to the question of unemployment, there is no consensus, it remains very problematic.
Some analysts accuse the new technologies to produce more unemployment than necessary. But the country statistical analysis would challenge such a dogma. Countries using more than elsewhere the most advanced technologies (South Korea, Singapore, USA) have unemployment rates lower than those of developed countries, emerging or underdeveloped that are lagging behind in these areas.
Very few project managers trained
When analyzing the stances of the mode of operation of the national economy, we can not but note some similarities between the different facets of the various sectoral programs. First, our country has always devoted a remarkable volume of resources to boost the sectors. Whether we speak of agriculture, education, industry or other resources mobilized were enormous in the past or the present (PNDRA, industrial restructuring etc.). However, the results on the ground have always been below expectations. much is spent little. Economic policies have always operated on a false assumption; it states that to achieve results, we need the goodwill of the actors and mobilize the resources required. It has become a culture. Many of our decision makers believe that everything is about resources and good faith. We forgot the tools and methods of efficiency.
It is believed that it is enough to give a project a good engineer can run. Any engineer who manages a project must absolutely be qualified as a project manager – MBA management training two-year projects more field experience that begins with small programs to go to more complicated projects. A project manager engineer manages the human and financial aspects, the scientific management, public relations and a host of functions for which a purely engineering technologist is not prepared. He has the tools, methods and experiences elsewhere to commit mistakes as possible. He can direct managers on best decisions.
Subsequently, in our country, where the project is managed by a non-professional, is completed, it would be a delay equivalent to three times normal and cost three and a half times higher than the initial forecast. Finally, yet we often entrust the daily management (reception, production, maintenance, marketing …) to an engineer or administrative unprepared. We still have very compatible modes of operation with an efficient use of resources for sophisticated technologies. We can not improve the competitiveness of Algerian enterprises and thus, our country only by mastering at the level of our competitors, new technologies. These enable to reduce costs, improve quality and adapt quickly.
Since it is delayed, competitiveness can not we be unfavorable. So it remains to establish the conditions of their control. Welcome and effective use of new technologies requires preparing two capital elements. The first is human resources. We have made efforts in this direction, but they remain insufficient compared. It is therefore qualified to international standards all available human resources. Second, we need a world-class management in our institutions and our producer and user companies.
And here we have decades of delay.
We must adapt our organizational processes and workstation requirements with international standards and specifications. We have a chain of requirements to be highly effective. For this, we need companies specializing in management of technology. And there is the desert. We always come up against the same problem: insufficient quality and quantity of knowledge industries that can effectively operate our businesses and non-profit institutions