Wednesday, October 8, 2014

HP saga: 75 years of service to new technologies – 01net

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The new considering that many fell. HP decided to split into two businesses by the end of FY2015 By adopting this defensive strategy, the American group turns a decisive page of a story that began 75 years ago in a garage.

For decades HP has embodied a player on any niche of computing: the notebook to complex software, to computer services, networks, datacenters and storage arrays. This model is over

Back on one of the great stories of the twentieth century technologies

1939.. Creating a garage

The Palo Alto garage where HP adventure began in 1939

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Creating HP reminiscent of Apple. Or vice versa. It was in a garage in Palo Alto (California), William (Bill) Hewlett and David (Dave) Packard, two friends electrical engineers from Stanford graduates, decided to invest their savings, 585 dollars to launch their business.

They engage in measuring devices and instrumentation. Their first customer is Disney for whom he created the HP Model 200A, a low frequency oscillator for synchronization of Fantasia. Bingo!

This device is sold for $ 54.40. This amount refers to the slogan “54.40 or Fight! “Used by President James Polk in 1844 who wanted the border between Canada and the United States was moving at 54 degrees 40 minutes north latitude

1940-1970. De instrumentation to data <- / picture box ->

For twenty years, the group s’ focused on measurement and instrumentation. Successfully. In 1957, the IPO (NYSE).

It achieves a feat in 1957 by inventing the first atomic clock that remains an industry standard.

But when The strategy is centered around IT. Not simply to develop a new market for pais manage data collected by the units sold. The first computer, the HP-2116 appears in 1966.

In 1972, HP has the HP 35, the first scientific calculator. Its name comes from the fact that it has 35 keys. It is as important as the Sony Walkman or the Apple iPod technology event. It’s sold a fortune. 395 dollars, half the average salary of an American teacher

At the same time, HP is developing its first line of computers, the HP-300 Series. But it will take to turn this test

The 80s: the era of information technology

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Hewlett-Packard Model 85, one of the very first computers all-in-one.

In 1980, the company employs 57,000 people and has a turnover of $ 3 billion.

It was during this decade that really opens up the computer age and office. By 1980, Hewlett-Packard released the Model 85, one of the very first computers all-in-one. It is equipped with a keyboard and a 5-inch display. It includes an HP 8-bit processor running at 0,613 MHz RAM with 8 to 64K Its price. 3,250 dollars

workstations appear in 1985. They run on Unix OS. HP-UX ROM. Three years later, the HP9000 servers range (RISC) arrive to compete with the giants of the time: Sun Microsystems, IBM and Apollo

Another important shift for the future. Printers. By 1984, the first models are presented. The first is the ThinkJet. The DeskJet, one of the most important successes of the sector, will arrive in 1988.

The 80 mark an event that, at the time, was insignificant. In 1986, leaders decided to drop their domain name, This is the ninth company in the world to do

The 90s: up to personal computers

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Hewlett-Packard Pavilion 5030 90s .

The 90s marked the advent of microcomputers including Apple’s growth with its Mac and Microsoft with MS-DOS and Windows.

Obviously, this explosion benefits that HP became the world leader in the sector. Early in the decade, this is the launch of the Omnibook 300 and LaserJet famous.

In 1993, HP made entry into the micro-computer topics. This area will become, as we know, a goldmine for California in general and Silicon Valley in particular. For HP, it’s a festival of innovation. In 1991, HP Palmtop his fate, ancestors of the iPhone, its range of Pavilion PC and notebook pocket OmniBook. La Jornada range comes in 1998.

This decade will be especially marked by the death of Dave Packard in 1996, three years later, in 1999, Carly Fiorina heads the group. The former boss of AT & T was named “the most powerful woman in American business” by Fortune magazine

The first decision is to buy Apollo allowing it to become the leading stations. job. The second is to sell the historical activity of instrumentation that will become Agilent

2000-2005 Redemptions and partnerships

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Carly Fiorina HP partners with Apple in the music

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The 2000s start with the disappearance of the second founder William Hewlett in


Carly Fiorina’s ambition is to make HP the first technology company in the world. After the acquisition of Apollo, it acquired Compaq in 2001 Thanks to this operation, it becomes the undisputed leader in PC performance. She wants more.

The ruling, an energetic woman who inspired Marissa Mayer (current CEO of Yahoo), launched into partnerships and times of activity. One of the most unlikely reconciliations was the one with which Apple helped launch an HP iPod in 2008, the goal was mainly to get a foot in the music online. For this, the HP PCs come with iTunes.

But before this story, it’s mostly the time when the company is growing in printing. . The general public who wants to print documents and photos, but also for professional printing

For the pro, she bought two Israeli companies: Indigo (2002) and Scitex Vision (2005). In public, she buys SnapFish, one of the largest photo lab in the world.

This will be the last acquisition. Sacked by the board, the “Iron Lady of high-tech” left the band, pocketing a check for $ 42 million. She is now adviser to the governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger.

It quickly replaced by Robert Wayman, HP’s historical employee with 36 years of seniority. After this interim, Mark Hurd, CEO of NCR, is recruited

2007-2014: digital shock

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With WebOS, false good idea turns into financial loss

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In 2007, the garage of Dave and Bill becomes a historical monument. It is the symbol of American success, but more importantly, the Silicon Valley. Who has a garage can dominate the world. But for how long?

The group, despite its power, has not found its place in the onslaught launched by Apple with the iPhone and iPad. PCs are overtaken by smartphones and tablets.

Caught by a history of sexually harassing and expense, Mark Hurd quickly gives place to Leo Apotheker, CEO of SAP, in 2011, will remain a year before being replaced by Meg Whitman, eBay’s former CEO current management. During this short period, Apotheker wanted to sell the PC business. But it’s not only what has cost him his job.
It must also surrender his dismissal at Autonomy, a British software publisher. It would have bought the company $ 10 billion, well above its value.
Other fiasco, redemption PalmOS 1.2 billion. The idea is to develop an OS like Google or Apple. She renamed WebOS was quickly called “technological mule unable to have offspring” . Web OS was quickly resold to Korean LG never disclose the amount of the transaction.

Meanwhile, the PC market continues to fall. He loses 4% in 2012 and 10% in 2013 according to Gartner. With new players, competition is fierce. HP shares market crumbled year to year. Now the world’s number one PC Lenovo is the Chinese who offered IBM’s PC business in 2005 that HP is second.

To deal with the decline of this activity The California group combines the restructuring. Since 2012, 36,000 employees were dismissed and nearly 20,000 others are waiting to be.

A new strategy has been adopted to separate the public from those activities infrastructure, software and services.
For the general public, Meg Whitman does not want to enter the tablet race is unwinnable. Rather, it is 3D printing. This market be powerful enough to meet the giant? This is the question

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