Thursday, October 2, 2014

The new technologies of communication and power … – lemag

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At dawn 90s in Western societies where communication has taken a big place, a new tool that we will soon be called revolutionary emerged. Thus, the late twentieth century was marked by what one appelât “Internet years”.

After the birth of the telephone, radio and television, the Internet is the last major tool in a technology race started in the late eighteenth century information. Today, this technology – and everything associated with it: multimedia, computer, information – has become the subject of a cult.

The end of the twentieth century was a period of real reverence for the Toolkit. The intense publicity experienced by Internet and extreme exploitation including new information technology and communication (ICT) are the subject could not leave anyone indifferent.

The new information technology and communication becomes the object of a cult. In companies, managers and employees use it to produce and coordinate their actions; their respectable homes, individuals are connected or surf more on the “Net” to communicate with their families or find information. The advent of this new “communication machine” goes beyond the phenomenon. Internet becomes a true utopia, driven by the promise of a better world, the “cyberspace.”

The communication provided by the Internet has emancipated from all constraints of time and space. This new technology invented ubiquity and shares information with all “connected”. She blew all barriers; geographical or cultural privacy than borders.

Thus, the development of this new public sphere necessarily has a political dimension as it upsets the social order and the reference group definition. Whether it is the etymological meaning of the word “politics” – since “polis” meaning “city” directly affects the citizen – or the more general definition of balance and organization of the company both in its internally and in its external operation function, interactions between politics and new technology are inevitable, since the question of the relation to freedom. Being free means acting according to his own will without it being impeded by the power of others, freedom from constraints of others. However, in Kant’s view, freedom is obedience to a law chosen rationally. Thus, through the “Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (DDHC)”, the power is given to ensure the freedom of the individual.

It appears a strong contradiction between space without borders, where everything is possible and freed from all constraint, that is the Internet, and political space necessarily restricted to maintain freedom of every citizen. Can we then make these two spaces coexist? And what influence can have Internet on the political space?

In trying to answer these questions, we will see the extent of cyberspace, created by this revolutionary technology, which can only reduce or destroy the state power and limit the political decision-making power.


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