With the advent of new technologies and the digital, many professions are doomed to disappear. Ineluctable march towards progress, however what are those occupations that have failed or been able to adapt to changes due to technological shift
From manual to the intellectual: all sectors affected
The most affected sectors are undeniably industry, agriculture, the various administrations and business services. The sectors related to new technologies such as computers, digital and robotics have revolutionized the world of work. Forced to evolve or disappear, many professions are changing as well. There are nearly 3 million jobs in France that could disappear by 2025. Thus, between 1980 and 2012, the industrial sector has seen a 40% fall in the number of employees with a probability of 42% of jobs French automated.
Like this sector and manufacturing, robotics has enabled task automation and productivity. The trades were gradually replaced by robots.
99% of call center are brought to disappear, as well as computer technicians and insurance companies that are part of the most endangered professions according to the magazine Challenges . 99% of sewing machines also bear the brunt of automation, as genealogists. Other professions such as watch repairers, developers photos and data entry technicians are also part of the list. About 702 businesses surveyed by the researchers from the University of Oxford, 47% of these jobs could be eliminated anything the United States between 2020 and 2030.
Similarly, higher intellectual professions are not spared, and stock traders and agents suffer from the exponential development of software managing complex algorithms. It is not inconceivable that disappear 3 million jobs, by 2022 according to researchers at Oxford and Harvard.
The digital sector and robotics
industrial robotics could reach a record level in 2020. Thus, warehouse robots will gradually replace handlers, postal workers are doomed to disappear in the future. There should be close to 1,659,500 units in industrial robotics in 2016 according to the International Federation of Robot, which would generate a turnover of nearly 22.7 billion euros.
The eventual disappearance of computer is also possible and according to the economist Tyler Owen:. Only 15% of them would be spared by the destruction of employment
The 3D printing, the advent of cloud services and connected, the death knell of production workers, local shops and many personal services. Telecommuting, video conferencing, cloud and big data, while representing a non-negligible opportunity and companies that do not adapt to the dematerialization are endangered.
The sector E-commerce directly impacts shops and traditional shops, higher costs. Online payment, price lower and lower and fierce competition on the Internet, play in favor of the consumer. This one has to do is to move through digital smartphones and tablets that enable buying at lower costs the vast majority of products and services.
The information technology fields and Communication
The recruitment industry is also suffering from competition from specialized social networks. Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and especially Viadeo and LinkedIn, represent ideal relay. No need to hire a company, when, with a click, enable thousands of offers to be in relationship with professionals.
The digital and information technologies have the advantage of simplifying contacts and linking, while saving costs for companies. Thus cashiers, machinists, drivers gear count of fewer recruitments. Multimedia tools allow easy replacement of librarians and archivists, through filing and archiving programs increasingly sophisticated. Lawyers and jurists could also suffer the brunt of competition from new information and communications technology.