1 .058 people from 107 countries have been shortlisted to participate in a potential group first colonists of Mars in 2025, has-been learned this week from the One company in March, causing the project. While more than 200,000 people from 140 countries had registered to be part of this first wave of colonization, 1,058 were selected for the second phase of selection, the Dutch company said in a statement.
Among the first countries are the United States with 297 preset, Canada (75) India (62) Russia (52) Australia (43) China (40) , Great Britain (36), Spain (27) or France (22). Among the French is a candidate, Florence Pourcel , who told RTL: “It will still leave Earth permanently, which has never been done. It will live in an enclosed environment until we die, surrounded by a few dozen people. It is a journey without return, we’re going to settle. ” She had been informed of his preselection on December 30.
“The challenge with 200,000 registered is to separate those that we expect to be able, mentally and physically, to become human ambassadors on Mars, those who take the task less seriously,” assured Bas Lansdorp, co-founder and CEO Mars One, said in the statement.
Tests on “physical and emotional capacities” of candidates
project Mars One, who wants to fund this way for red by television in particular planet, made many skeptical despite the support of the Dutch Gerard ‘t Hooft, Nobel Prize in Physics 1999.
The company will select, in several phases, 24 potential settlers divided into six groups of four. Those selected will have to pass several rounds of physical, medical and mental tests, and participate in “simulations, especially in groups, with a particular interest in their physical and emotional capabilities,” said March One.A first vacuum trip in 2018
The company announced in December it had signed a $ 250,000 contract with Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Space Group U.S. defense division to study the “concept” of a landing craft. This machine should first be sent empty on the red planet in 2018. It has also launched an online crowdfunding project.
Besides the difficulty of finding the $ 6 billion needed, according to estimates, the project of Mars One, relying on private funding, faces many obstacles. In addition to the inability to return to Earth for astronauts, they will have to live in small habitats, find water, oxygen and produce them grow their own food. But Mars is a large desert whose atmosphere consists mainly of carbon dioxide and the average temperature is -63 degrees Celsius.
J.M. (With AFP)