The deployment of new technologies has not challenged the fundamental principles, says Drucker. “ The role of the CEO has not changed. Different CEO function differently, and it’s a good thing because, in different organizations, roles are structured differently. Some, for example, are representatives of their business from the outside and do not even try to manage anything. Others focus exclusively on operational functioning. “It notes that information technologies have enabled simplifying enterprise operation in some departments, such as the centralization of research and development. They have promoted the organizational division of multinational as more consistent markets, such as product lines, not necessarily geographical areas. But they also raise their share of additional challenges . In particular, “ the biggest challenge is to organize its information system so as to have access to information that is needed when it is needed .”
Information Management is of especially critical importance in an economy where knowledge has become the key resource of wealth creation. Peter Drucker began to identify this trend in the 1950s, it will define for the first time in 1969 as the emergence of the “knowledge economy” and “knowledge worker”. Where two principles defended throughout his career have become the cornerstones of the management of the post-industrial economy: freedom and responsibility. With “The Future of Industrial Man” (1942), he had begun to wonder about how individual freedom can be preserved in an industrial society dominated by the corporation and the manager of power . “ Freedom is not a game. It should not be confused with individual happiness, security, peace and progress, he wrote, This is a responsible choice. It is less a right than a duty. True freedom is not the absence of constraint is the freedom to choose to do or not do something, to act one way or another, to believe in something or its opposite . “In ‘The Practice of Management” (1954), he articulated for the first time management by objectives philosophy combined with the self . A practice which is to set targets and assess performance at every level of the organization and for each individual. By reducing the tension between individual freedom and authority that the individual must surrender to the corporation hiring, the organization can develop hope and freedom and individual responsibility within it. “ The responsibility is both external and internal ,” says Peter Drucker in “Drucker, the scout of this,” a book published in 1999 by Jack Beatty. “ The employee responsible is not just an employee who reports on specific outcomes, but also has the authority to perform all that is needed to produce the results themselves and is, ultimately , involved in this process just as if it were a personal accomplishment . “
Company executives and employees have not finished putting into practice the principles enunciated by Drucker in over seventy-year career _ or variations developed to infinity by many authors and experts that populate the management of the field. And if necessary, the fiasco of the aid system for victims of Hurricane Katrina by the US government has brought to light that the public sector at least as much reason to be inspired by the firms.
And think of Peter Drucker scandals in Wall Street in 2001-2002? In his eyes, there is no need to be alarmed unduly. “ Enron was a den of thieves, nothing new in that direction. If managers want to plunder their business, there is no way to stop them , “asserts Peter Drucker, who covered as a journalist the financial scandal of the pharmaceutical company McKesson & amp; Robbins in 1937. And the current legislation is not that change the course of human behavior. “ Most companies are too small to be affected by Sarbanes-Oxley in any manner whatsoever , he said. 99.99% of them, it absolutely does not concern them. “Everything, as always, remains a matter of choice and outcomes, whether exercise Annual of a company or the future of a democracy
Peter Drucker has devoted his life to a quest: how to avoid economic and social pitfalls that could favor the emergence of a tyranny as the Third Reich? By working on the development of healthy and effective organizations, since it is they that define our modern society. The management was born.
OUR SPECIAL ENVOY TO CLAREMONT (USA ° LAETITIA MAILHES (September 2005)
Author of some 36 books and thousands of essays on management, Peter Drucker was a consultant for seventy-five years with many companies and governments, including General Electric and General Motors. Born in Vienna in 1909, a law student in Frankfurt and economist in a London bank, he observed the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the emergence of the Third Reich, before emigrating to USA in 1937, when he worked as freelance business Among his works:. “The End of Economic Man,” his first book published in 1939, “The Future of Industrial Man” ( 1942) “The Practice of Management” (1954), “Entrepreneurs”, “The Future of Management”, “Management: Tasks, Responsabilities and pratices”